1. The “plastic limit order” was issued for ten years. The National Development and Reform Commission is formulating a new policy.
A few days ago, the National Development and Reform Commission website opened the "I am advising for the prevention and control of plastic waste pollution" column, inviting people from all walks of life to propose opinions and suggestions on the management requirements of plastic products in different fields from January 5 to January 31. This is a further step taken at the national level to prevent and control “white pollution” following the implementation of the “Notice of the General Office of the State Council on Restricting the Production and Sale of Plastic Shopping Bags” in 2008.
The invitation issued by the National Development and Reform Commission's Department of Environmental Protection pointed out that in recent years, with the development of new formats such as e-commerce, express delivery and take-out, the consumption of plastic lunch boxes and plastic packaging has risen rapidly, causing new resource and environmental pressures. Plastic waste is discarded at will, causing "white pollution", and there is an environmental risk of not handling plastic waste.
In this regard, the National Development and Reform Commission is studying and formulating policy documents for the prevention and control of plastic waste pollution. According to the principle of “restricting batches, replacing batches, and standardizing batches”, plastic products used in different production, living, consumption, etc. And sub-category propose policy measures.
The scope of the request for comments includes:
1. Suggestions for consumption scenarios, work processes, and commodity categories that have restrictions or prohibitions on the use of plastic products;
Second, the existing mature alternatives, with the promotion of the application of alternative products;
3. Proposals for situations in which the use of plastic products is subject to standard management in cases where no use or substitution is prohibited;
4. Other opinions and suggestions on the prevention and control of plastic waste pollution.
Ten years of "plastic limit" effect geometry?
Ten years after the release of the “plastic limit order”, the effectiveness of China’s “white pollution” governance has once again triggered heated discussions. In fact, after nearly 10 years of implementation, the "plastic limit order" has achieved unsatisfactory results. According to the data released by the National Development and Reform Commission in 2017, since 2008, the use of plastic bags in supermarkets and shopping malls has generally decreased by more than 2/3, and the cumulative reduction of plastic bags is about 1.4 million tons, equivalent to saving 8.4 million tons of oil.
Nowadays, the new format requires that the “plastic limit order” should keep pace with the times and need to be constantly adjusted. If you continue to manage according to the original measures, it will inevitably lead to a "one size fits all" situation.
The insiders pointed out that adjusting the "plastic limit order" is not simply expanding its scope of application. Instead, it is based on the experience and lessons learned from the implementation of 10 years of implementation, enriching the means of governance and improving the governance capacity, with a view to finally achieving "white limit". Original intention.
2. Environmental protection tax
From January 1, 2018, the environmental tax will be officially implemented. The “fee-to-tax” mark marks the arrival of a new way of economic growth in China.
With the strengthening of national environmental protection, since February this year, Shandong has cleared more than 1,700 waste plastics factories in Shahe Town, and the granulation industry in Jixian County has stopped production and rectification. Pingdu City has “banned two clears and three clears” to completely ban illegal plastics processing industry; Fujian Jiaowei Town will all withdraw from the waste plastics industry; Liaoning Linghai City will ban 119 small plastic processing; Hubei Hanchuan City will shut down 9 small waste plastic processing plants; 3909 enterprises in Xiong County, Hebei Province will be shut down and banned, Baoding firmly Banning small plastics factories. Up to now, a total of 274 “scattering and pollution” enterprises have been banned, 45 sets of drawing and injection molding production equipment have been inspected, and 15 tons of raw materials have been produced. Plastics and its downstream industries are in urgent need of regulation.
3. "Polyethylene Blow Molding Agricultural Floor Covering Film"
In mid-December 2017, the mandatory national standard "Polyethylene Blowing Agricultural Floor Covering Film" was released. The national standard will be implemented on May 1, 2018. Compared with the current 1992 national standard, the new national standard is of great significance for reducing “white pollution” of farmland and improving soil and environmental quality. The revision aims to standardize production, guide use, improve quality, and promote recycling. The system considers the film thickness and mechanical properties and appropriately increases the thickness requirements. From the perspective of taking into account the recyclability of agricultural mulch film, the economic endurance of farmers and resource conservation, the minimum thickness of the mulch film has been increased from 0.008 mm to 0.010 mm with reference to international and international standards. At the same time, according to the thickness range of the film, the mechanical properties are modified to prevent the company from adding too much recycled material to improve the thickness and reduce the product quality and recyclability. In addition, the standard also modified the artificial weathering performance and the corresponding detection methods. The Ministry of Agriculture has done a lot of work in the process of standard approval.
4. "Standard Conditions for the Comprehensive Utilization of Waste Plastics"
The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology announced that the "Regulations on the Comprehensive Utilization of Waste Plastics" will be implemented on January 1, 2018. The "Regulations" clarify the threshold for the processing capacity of waste plastics in the three key enterprises of the new and established industries. The waste plastics comprehensive utilization enterprises referred to in the “Regulations and Conditions” mainly include PET recycled bottle flake enterprises, waste plastic crushing and cleaning sorting enterprises, and plastic recycling granulation enterprises. According to the requirements of the code, new enterprises of PET recycled bottle types require that the annual waste plastic processing capacity is not less than 30,000 tons, and the established enterprises are not less than 20,000 tons; waste plastics are broken, cleaned, sorted, newly built enterprises, annual waste plastics. The processing capacity is not less than 30,000 tons, and the established enterprise is not less than 20,000 tons; the newly-built plastic reclaimed granulation enterprise has an annual waste plastic processing capacity of not less than 5,000 tons and an established enterprise of not less than 3,000 tons. As an industry with high environmental protection requirements, the "Regulations" clarify the "comprehensive utilization of resources and energy consumption", such as the recycling of waste plastics, "not dumping, incineration and landfill"; recycling processing related production links, requiring every ton of waste The comprehensive power consumption of plastics is less than 500 kWh; while the enterprises of PET recycled bottles and waste plastics are broken, cleaned and sorted, the consumption of integrated new water per ton of waste plastics is less than 1.5 tons.